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A Hanney & Co.

The name of a former Cotton Brokers &c Merchants, a firm in Chapel Street, Liverpool, where Jim McCartney, Paul's father, first began to work as a sample boy at the age of fourteen. Jim originally earned six shillings a week and by the age of 28 had progressed to the position of cotton salesman earning £250 per annum.

Abbey Road (album)

A Beatles album issued in Britain on 26 September 1969 and in America on 1 October.

The tracks written by Paul were: 'Maxwell's Silver Hammer', 'Oh Darling', 'You Never Give Me Your Money', 'She Came In Through The Bathroom Window', 'Golden Slumbers', 'Carry That Weight', 'The End' and 'Her Majesty'.

The photograph on the cover sleeve, showing the Beatles walking across the zebra crossing outside Abbey Road Studios, has become one of the most famous rock music images. It has been copied on dozens of other album covers and tens of thousands of tourists have had photographs taken of themselves striding over the crossing.

The idea for the sleeve was Paul's and he made a detailed sketch for photographer Iain Macmillan before the picture session took place.

Apart from being imitated and idolised by fans, the Abbey Road picture was to assume enormous significance for adherents of the 'Paul is Dead' theory, who avidly analysed the cover for so-called 'clues' to support it - and found a liberal sprinkling of them!

Most important was the fact that Paul is barefoot in the photograph, which was said to be a Mafia/Grecian (take your pick) sign of death. A Michigan journalist, Fred LaBour, reviewing the album, claimed that the group was leaving a cemetery and that John was dressed as a minister, Ringo as an undertaker and George as a gravedigger, and pointed out that Paul was out of step with the others, which apparently meant that it was in fact either his corpse, or, more popularly, a substitute who'd had plastic surgery. Proof positive of the impostor theory was the fact that 'Paul' was holding a cigarette in his right hand (Масса is left-handed). The reality, of course, was very different, as two quotes from some of those involved demonstrate.

Photographer Iain Macmillan: 'Paul turned up in his Oxfam suit and sandals and because it was a hot day he decided to do some shots with the sandals on and some with sandals off. Paul checked all the pictures with a magnifying glass.

'I don't think the other three were particularly bothered. He chose the nearest shot with the legs stretched in almost uniform style and it was pure coincidence that it happened to be the one with his sandals off.

'I got the job through John but it was Paul's idea and I was given ten minutes around lunchtime to do it. They came out of the studios, where they were recording, to do it and I managed to take six shots in all.'

Paul himself told disc jockey Paul Gambaccini: 'I just turned up at the photo session. It was a really nice hot day and I think I wore sandals. I only had to walk around the corner to the crossing because I lived pretty nearby. I had me sandals off and on for the session. Of course, when it comes out and people start looking at it and they say: "Why has he got no shoes on? He's never done that before." OK you've never seen me do it before but in actual fact it's just me with me shoes off. Turns out to be some old Mafia sign of death or something.'

But 'Paul is Dead' fanatics were not deterred: in the course of their 'investigations' they discovered that the registration number (281F) of the Volkswagen car in the photo indicated the age Paul would have been if he had lived, and that the cracked Abbey Road street sign on the back cover was a mystical omen of the split in the group following Paul's death!

Abbey Road (book)

A book written by EMI Records executive Brian Southall which was first published in Britain by Patrick Stephens Ltd in 1982.

Paul wrote a small introduction for the book in which he mentioned the nostalgia he felt whenever he used the Abbey Road Studios and how he met Sir Malcolm Sargent and Sir Donald Wolfit on the steps outside. Apart from the portrait illustrating the introduction and the photographs of the Beatles, there are more photographs of Paul in the book than of any other artist.

They include Paul and Linda walking across the famous zebra crossing with their pony, Jet; Paul with George Martin and Norman Smith; Paul drinking a glass of milk; Paul in various disguises for the 'Coming Up' video sessions; giving George Martin a guitar lesson; two further photographs from the 'Coming Up' sessions; two pictures of Paul with boxer John Conteh and Eamonn Andrews when the surprise was sprung for Conteh's This Is Your Life; Linda and Jet outside Abbey Road; Wings in Scotland with the Campbeltown Pipe Band; four photographs of the Rockestra sessions; Paul and Linda in the studio's reception area; Paul and Linda at Vera Samwell's retirement party; Linda with Steve Harley and Denny Laine at the studio's fiftieth anniversary party.

In a chapter entitled 'Yesterday - McCartney Remembers', Paul reminisces about his time at Abbey Road from 1962 until the present day. He talks about how the Beatles changed the strict formality which existed at the time, the long hours they spent at recording sessions, the wide range of instruments they could use there and the constant crowds which used to gather outside.

ABC News

An American television news programme, which on Tuesday 1 February 1972 filmed a news story around Paul's controversial new release 'Give Ireland Back To The Irish'. Wings were featured at Paul's farm in Scotland. The line-up comprised Paul, Linda, Denny Laine, Denny Seiwell and Gerry McCullough rehearsing the number. This was followed by an interview with Paul and Linda. Much of the interview concerned the controversy caused by the BBC because they considered it 'clearly politically controversial'.

When ABC TV's London reporter George Watson asked, 'As an entertainer, it doesn't worry you getting a bit into politics?' Paul replied, 'No, you can't stay out of it, you know, if you think at all, these days. We're still humans, you know, and you wake up and you read your newspaper, it affects you. So I don't mind too much about people saying you're too political. I don't mind, it doesn't worry me, like I say. I don't now plan to do everything I do as a political thing, you know, but just on this one occasion I think the British government overstepped their mark and showed themselves to be more of a repressive regime than I ever believed them to be.'

They had also been filmed rehearsing in the music room on the upper floor of Paul's Cavendish Avenue house.

The story was broadcast on Tuesday 7 March 1972.

The promotional clip of Wings rehearsing the number was also broadcast in America on ABC TV's 'David Frost Salutes the Beatles' on Wednesday 21 May 1975.


The American television network. To celebrate Paul and Linda's fifth wedding anniversary, ABC TV filmed Paul at his MPL offices for a two-part interview transmitted in the States on Tuesday 12 March and Wednesday 13 March 1974. Paul discussed the creative process in writing songs such as 'Picasso's Last Words' and 'Eleanor Rigby' and clips from 'My Love', 'Maybe I'm Amazed' and 'Mary Had A Little Lamb' were shown.

During the fifteen-minute interview Paul also answered the question 'Can the Beatles be re-created again?' by saying, 'They might do bits together again, we don't know yet. Every time I say that, some paper prints a headline saying "The Beatles To Reform", so I'm a bit cautious about saying anything. I don't think we'll get together as a band again, I just don't think it'll work actually; it might not be as good. I just saw Jerry Lewis talking the other day about Dean Martin, it's a bit like that.'

About You

A track from the Driving Rain album. The number lasts for 2 minutes and 54 seconds and was recorded on Friday 16 February 2001.

Academy, The

A venue in New York where Paul held a press conference on Thursday II February 1993. The conference was to promote his new album Off The Ground and to announce details of the concert dates of the forthcoming American branch of his New World Tour.

Paul was also asked a number of questions:

Question: One of my favourite songs of the record, actually I don't think it's mentioned is 'Cosmically Conscious'. I was curious about that song - if a long version exists. I also heard that it was written quite a while ago in India.

Paul: Yeah, it was. What it is, it's kind of on the end of the record. It's one of those little kinds of snippets, you know, almost as an afterthought. There is a full-length version and it was written 23 years ago or thereabout, when ... uh, I think maybe 25, when we were with the Beatles in Rishikesh with the Maharishi and he used to keep saying 'be Cosmically Conscious, peace and joy', so that's pretty much the entire lyrics of that song, which is why it's a snippet on the end.

Question: I was wondering how you might try to top the 184,000 people you had in Rio de Janeiro on the last tour, this time around.

Paul: Probably we're not, is probably the answer. But somebody did invite us back to Brazil and they said there's a bigger place in San Paolo. But it's not on the itinerary this time. Maybe that would top it.

Question: You're doing something as a patron of the arts in Liverpool Institute? What is that?

Paul: OK. A few years ago I went back to my old school in Liverpool and found it kind of going into ruins. So I was hoping that something could be done for it, because it was built in 1825 and even though I hated it when I went there - like most kids I couldn't wait to get away - looking back on it now was a great experience. It gave me a good feeling in the world. What we're going to hope to do in 1995 is reopen it, renovate it and reopen it as a performing arts centre for local and overseas kids. So this is the big dream for 1995.

Question: I'm pleased to see there's a biography of your talented wife Linda in the press kit. I understand there was a documentary about her broadcast in London around Christmas time. Will we have a chance to see that here?

Paul: I'm not sure, but the BBC did make a great documentary on Linda which featured her photography. Because normally she gets a bit eclipsed by the fact that we got married, and I always say I kind of ruined her career. A lot of people think she was free-loading and just hanging on my coat-tails, which was actually not true. She had a very great career, and her Sixties book I think proves that. So I'm not sure if it's going to be over here in the States, but I hope so.

Question: It appears that with your recent tour and some of the work you've done since, you've become very comfortable again going into your musical past, particularly the Beatles songs. Another era of your career that was very, very successful and meant a lot to me was Wings. I was wondering how you feel about that, because you really don't delve too much into those songs in your current repertoire.

Paul: No. It's difficult, you know, when you've got as much material to choose from as I have. With a new album you want to do some of your new album, 'cause the new stuff is fresh and you want to do it, and this stuff is pretty live, so it's kind of easy to do live, and if it sounds like the record, so ... but then again you want to do some Beatles stuff, which is probably what I'm most known for and that there'll always be people in the audience who really want to hear that. It is true that the Wings stuff tends to get a little bit squeezed out, and there's always people like you who say 'why don't you do something off Ram, man?' It's just there's only so much time, you know. If we were on there for like four or five hours, we could attack that bit of it. Normally you've just got to make some hard decisions. We do a few from that period, but it's true that it gets squeezed out because of the Beatles and the new stuff.

Question: We spoke to Carl Davis recently and he said you might be working on a guitar concerto. Any truth to that, anything classical coming up from you?

Paul: That was a thought we had. That's something I wouldn't mind doing. But in actual fact it turned into some piano pieces. It was a plan to do that, and maybe something we'll do at some point. But what Fve just finished with him is six piano pieces. After having done the great full-blown thing, the oratorio, or as someone called it yesterday, the 'oratorio', I've gone back to just one single person sitting at the piano, and it's very simple piano pieces. So that's the next thing, and then I think Carl and I might write something together maybe later in the year.

Question: Can you tell us what is the message of the new song 'Hope Of Deliverance', and the second part of the question, if it was really written in a brief period of time?

Paul: Yeah, it was written quite quickly. You know, if you're lucky, some songs like that just sort of tumble out and you just write them down and you find you've written a kind of thing. They don't all happen like that, but that one just got up into my attic and, as I say, I wrote it quite quickly. The message, you know, I like people to make their own decision as to what the message is. But for me, it is just that these days particularly there's a lot of stuff out there that's dangerous, if you're bringing up kids like I am. Well, they're brought up, mine you know, mine are big, but there's a lot of fears, a lot of worries, a lot of people now homeless, a lot of recessionary stuff going on, disease and stuff. I do mean, really, what I'm saying - hope of deliverance from the darkness that surrounds us, whichever particular bit of darkness yours is, it might just be a girl whose boyfriend has left her or it might be something more serious, you know, some sort of tragedy in the family or whatever, but it's really some kind of prayer I suppose.

Question: I'd like to ask you a little bit about touring. There's an elite handful of people like yourself who sell out stadiums and arenas, but where do you perceive the live concert touring industry going and what kind of trends do you see happening with it, as you've been in the industry for 25 years?

Paul: I don't really know about trends. People always used to ask us what's going to be the next, when we were the Beatles. What's going to be the next thing next year? We'd say, we don't know, you know. I just know what's going on now and what's in the past, but I don't read the future so I couldn't tell you about that. But I think people will always like to hear somebody live, see somebody live. It was really brought home to me before our last tour when I went to see Dustin Hoffman in London in a production of The Merchant Of Venice. When he walked on stage it was like - 'Wow, I'm in the room with Dustin.' You got this great feeling - 'I'm Really in the room,' like now, here we are. Welcome into my parlour. You know, it's a special thing, you're not just watching him on video, you're actually there with him and if you shout out 'Hey, Dusty!' he'll hear you. So I just think there is some attraction in that and I think people hopefully will keep going to concerts. I would think they would.

Question: What do you think about the fact that your album is hitting stores the same week as Mick Jagger's latest solo album, and that critics have sort of reviewed them by comparison? Do you consider Mr Jagger competition?

Paul: Competition? Well, yeah, I suppose so. You know, we always used to ring each other when we were in the Beatles and the Stones and sort of say, 'When's your album coming out?' and we used to delay our releases. But I didn't do that this time. He's a good mate, you know, he's a good friend, I like him a lot. I like his music, and he's written great stuff. So you can't really control who you come out with, which week you come out and who's there as your competition. So I don't mind really. I think it's inevitable that certain people will do - it's actually a cheap shot. They don't do their homework, you know, they kind of just review both of them quickly and go, 'Well, he's hard and he's soft,' which is not right. I haven't heard his album but I hear it's good, and I think ours is good. So we'll just see, you know.

Question: Does it bother you that critics continue to say that you haven't been able to get rid of that 'soft' image? Does that still bother you?

Paul: No, not really, no. I mean, there's a lot of people who'd like a soft image, you know. I mean, I don't particularly think I've got a soft image actually. It depends if you know my work or not. If you know what I've been involved in, then things like 'Helter Skelter' is certainly not soft, or 'I'm Down' or some of that stuff. So I think anyone who knows me ... But maybe I'm known better for songs like 'Yesterday', but listen, I'm not knocking it, it's great to be known for both, you know. I'm quite happy with my reputation at the moment.

Question: Why are you surprised that you're catching so much, if I might use the word, shit, for 'Big Boys Bickering'? I mean, it's just an expression about the environment and everything else. Are you surprised at the attitude?

Paul: Not really. You know, the thing is I've never used swear words in my songs. It just never occurred to me, really, it's just that I've never felt I needed to. I think what's happened is ... actually, I talked, before we released this, I talked to my sister-in-law about it, she's bringing up young kids, and she was saying 'Oh, you know, you're known as the guy that doesn't swear and now finally you're swearing, it's a kind of letdown.' And I said, 'Yeah, but you know, I'm trying to make a point. This is a protest song about people, men mainly, in smoke-filled rooms sort of running our lives, telling us whether or not we can close this ozone hole.' And I sense that a lot of people, that I meet anyway, would like them to really get on the case and quick. So what I do is say that in the song basically, that they're not 'mucking up for everyone', but I use the F-word, which I'm not going to use now, 'cause there's kids watching. But it doesn't really fuss me, you know, it's no big surprise to me. I hear it in everyday common language. I've heard it since I was a little kid, so I hear it a lot. I mean, even if you go to switch on a movie, there's like fifty times worse stuff than that. I think you know, if it's essential to the plot, it's a bit like nudity in plays, you know, if it's essential for the plot then I think it's valid. I think in this case for what the song was saying, which is like that people ought to get up, get on with it, and stop messing around, I think it's valid.

Question: You have taken a great stance environmentally and an animal rights stance as well. I've read recently about Linda having her own food line of stuff that's not only health-orientated but that is not animal. Are you going to be taking these ideas a bit further than just with that song, onto the tour and translating that mindset as well with the shows on the tour?

Paul: Yeah. The thing is, when you grow up, when you're like a father of four as I am, these things become important: ecology and stuff like that. What we did on the last tour was instead of just saying nothing about it, we tried to be sort of people's voices and try to say we meet a lot of people who are interested in this kind of thing. So really we figure that rather than just being flippant in there, when you're on the TV camera, it's actually allowed to talk a bit of sense and to talk about something you really care about. So, yeah, we'll continue to do this. I don't know about writing songs about it, you can never say whether you'll be able to write another song about that, because they're not easy to write. But certainly we'll be plugging it, and in our tour booklet on the tour, this time we've given a couple of pages to Greenpeace, some to Friends Of The Earth and some to PETA, the animal organisation which we're members of, and we believe in what they have to say. I think going into the next century, I think these ideas are really interesting. Their time has come. So yeah, we'll be plugging them. Question: What's it like being a pop star and trying to raise normal kids? And also, I know you're counting the minutes until somebody asked you this, but can you tell us anything about this potential project musically with George Harrison and Ringo Starr?

Paul: Yeah, OK. First bit first: the children. The trick is to remember these questions. The three-parter, I'll take the first part - Raising children as a pop star or as anyone famous. Me and Linda, when we got together decided that what we'd try and do was raise the kids with their feet on the ground, even though now we're trying to get off the ground. We made that a big priority because we realised that with having the money that I have, and the fame, that the kids could become snobs real early, and you see a lot of kids like this, you know, rich kids and stuff, and they're really snotty, you know. So we just decided that we'd send them to the ordinary schools like I went to, like she went to and try and give them some good values and really major on that, until they're round about 21 and then, forget it, you've got no control over them anyway. But then at least they've got a grounding and the whole thing. And, touch wood, I think that's worked with the kids. They're really nice kids. I mean, I'm biased. But they are good kids, they're sensible and they're not snobs. And what was the second part of this mammoth question?

Question: Can you tell us anything about this potential project musically with George and Ringo?

Paul: Oh yeah. Well, normally when I'm asked the question, 'Will the Beatles ever get back together?' I just sort of say, 'no, it's absolutely impossible anyway, and without John it wouldn't be the Beatles.' So that's kind of an easy answer, and it's always been true. But at the moment they're making a ten-part series on the Beatles in England, and it's going very well. We've got involved in it, it gives us a chance to say our own point of view rather than everybody speaks for us, you know, and says, 'you know why he was walking across that crossing with no shoes on?' You know, it's like, 'well, because it was hot.' It was like a real hot day and I had some sandals on and I kicked them off. You know, big deal. So we're always answering stuff like that. Like I met some kid, little kid, who had been to a Beatles summer camp, and she was telling me how you turn the record backwards, and I was saying 'no, no, no, I was here ...' She said, 'No, it's not true!' She wouldn't listen to me, you know. So it's like, we're taking this opportunity with the series to try and put our own point of view. And what happened was we were talking to the director, we were talking together, and he said if there's a piece of film that you've got. I was thinking in terms of maybe like a montage of John material, say, you know, of him just looking great, nice memories of John, I thought - well, you need a piece of music to go with that. So we volunteered to do that. We said, well, you know ... I kicked it around with the others, would you mind doing that? Would we hate to do that? Is that a definite no-no? And George said, 'Well, that'll be good,' and Ringo as well, you know. So we thought, well, that's a nice start. Rather than trying to get the Beatles back together, there's no touring, we're not thinking anything like that but we'll probably get together, maybe try and write something, record something for this one piece of music and we'll just see where that takes us. We're not looking for anything, I don't think anyone really wants to re-form the Beatles, but just to get together as friends and make a piece of music would be nice.

Question: A lot of your contemporaries like Eric Clapton and Bob Dylan release boxed sets of their outtakes, rarities, B-sides. Have you given any thought to that as far as your solo work and also you've got a lot of videos. How about a video anthology?

Paul: Yeah, well that's one of those things that I think some day will happen. What happens with me is I put a new album out, so I'd rather put out new material than outtakes of old material. But I've got a lot of stuff. But originally we were going to for years, going to try and put together an album called Cold Cuts, which was going to be all the things that didn't get on Ram, things that didn't get on Red Rose Speedway, through the years, you know, which I think would be interesting for collectors and for real fans who've got all the other stuff. But as I say, when you're going on tour, it becomes a nicer possibility to write some new stuff and do that. And plus, Cold Cuts is a bootleg, someone's put it together anyway.

Question: Last question. When you write your music now, are you writing for your fans who grew up listening to you or are you writing for younger fans? And if it's for younger fans, how do you stay in touch with the younger generation?

Paul: Well, if I do stay in touch with the younger generation, it will be through my kids, because I've got kids of that age, and that's where you get your clues, just watch them, see what they're into, see what's happening. In truth I don't actually write for anyone but myself. I tried that. You think, I'll write for the, sort of, the moment, or I'll write for the old fans or something. And it's not the way to do it. You shouldn't do anything like that, it's really best to just write for yourself, so what you care about and what you love comes onto the page or onto the demo or whatever you're doing. And then you take your chances with people, you just hope some young people will like it, some older people. So I write for myself really.

Question: Have you already written some new songs?

Paul: Yeah. I've got a couple on the boil. Always got a couple.

Question: What kind?

Paul: Oh, you know: stuff. OK, I think that's it, isn't it? Give it a big wind up. That's a wrap, folks.

Ackroyd, David

A fireman who bought the one-millionth copy of 'Mull of Kintyre' in Britain on Saturday 17 December 1977. As a result he became the first record buyer in the world to receive a gold disc for his purchase. Paul also sent him a Christmas hamper.

Adopt A Minefield

A charity organisation. On Monday 4 June 2001 Paul and Heather Mills launched the British branch of the charity at the Marion Richardson School, Stepney, London.

There was a lunch with 160 guests during which a 25-minute film, made by Heather in Croatia that April, was screened. Paul narrated part of the documentary and commented, 'Imagine living in a country during a terrible war and then peace is declared. You think the killing is over, but when you take your kids to the beach you can't walk on it because the beach blows up if you do. This is the legacy of the landmine. Landmines take or wreck three lives an hour, every hour of every day of every year. We have come together now to try to stop that.'

Talking of Heather's courage in her ventures into mined areas, he said, 'She's a very brave girl. She will go into earthquake scenes and minefields because she cares very much about it. She's very brave and very courageous. So I admire her, and I worry when she goes to these dangerous places. But we have great discussions about it.'

Later that same month, on Thursday 14 June Paul and Heather took part in the 'Adopt A Minefield' benefit in Los Angeles. Paul presented Radosav Zivovik with a Humanitarian Award. Radosav had part of his leg blown off in Bosnia and later launched the 'Stop Mines' foundation. Heather gave a speech, Paul performed a number from his forthcoming album and some films about landmines were screened, including Heather's film with Paul's narration.

The MC at the event was Jay Leno and after dinner Paul Simon performed four numbers. Leno introduced Paul who came on stage with an acoustic guitar and sang 'Yesterday'. His band then joined him and they performed 'The Long And Winding Road' and 'Drive In The Rain'. He recited his poem 'Jerk Of All Jerks' and finished his set with 'Let It Be'. He returned due to a standing ovation to perform 'I've Just Seen A Face' with Paul Simon.

On Thursday 1 November 2001 Paul and Heather attended the launch of a partnership between the 'Adopt A Minefield' charity and the 'Mines Advisory Group'.

Paul also designed a series of six legal postage stamps to raise money for the charity.

They were issued by the Isle of Man Post Office on Monday 1 July 2002. The stamps are colourful floral designs and 170,000 sets were issued.

Pat Tilbury of the Isle of Man Stamp Bureau commented, 'Paul's stamps are truly works of art. We anticipate that the issue will be extremely popular. The stamps have just the took that collectors like and, as art, they can hang on the wall in any decor.'

Paul was to say, 'It's been such a long time since I was on the island, but I can still remember how beautiful the landscape was and how friendly the people were, even to us, a pack of noisy kids from Liverpool. It's no exaggeration to say that it was one of the happiest trips of my childhood.'

African Summer

A BBC 2 documentary that was one of the programmes celebrating the tenth anniversary of 'Live Aid', screened on Saturday 15 July 1995. Paul

appeared on a brief pre-recorded interview. The documentary also included part of Paul's concert appearance during his performance of 'Let It Be' and he is seen participating in the 'Do They Know It's Christmas?' finale.

African Yeah Yeah

One of several home demos Paul made in the years 1971 and 1972. This one features Wings band members.

After The Ball

A track on the Back To The Egg album lasting 2 minutes and 31 seconds which was recorded at Lympne Castle in September 1978. It was actually part of a medley with 'A Million Miles', which was 1 minute and 27 seconds in length, making the medley 3 minutes and 58 seconds in length. Paul felt that each of the numbers wasn't strong enough on its own, but felt they might work as a medley.

After You've Gone

A number Paul recorded as a demo disc at his Rude Studios in the summer of 1977. It was a number originally composed in 1918 by Henry Creamer and Turner Layton, which is now part of Paul's vast MPL catalogue. Wings member Laurence Juber was to include it on his album Standard Time.

Afternoon With Paul McCartney, An

A radio broadcast in America by NBC on Sunday 1 April 1979. Paul Gambaccini interviewed Paul.

Again And Again And Again

A song co-penned by Paul and Denny Laine, lasting 3 minutes and 28 seconds. It was actually the combination of two unfinished songs which Paul suggested should be put together and they recorded it at the Spirit of Ranachan studios. It was included on the Back To The Egg album and was one of the numbers included in the repertoire of the Wings British tour in 1979, with Denny Laine as lead vocalist.

Ahoy Sportpaleis, Rotterdam

An arena in Holland where Paul appeared on Saturday 9 October and Sunday 10 October 1993 during his New World Tour.

The show began with a screening of Richard Lester's introductory film. Then Paul came on stage in a pinstripe suit. Paul chatted as he introduced the songs, saying, 'For this next song we're going to take you all on a journey, on a trip to Paris, down the banks of the River Seine' prior to performing 'Michelle' and, 'Here is a song you might recognise,' prior to 'Yesterday'. During 'C'Mon People', Linda's photos of various rock stars from John Lennon to Janis Joplin were projected onto the stage backdrop.

A local paper reported: 'Nostalgia rules in the world of popular music. Nobody is to know better than Paul McCartney, a man who is constantly dragging along his own past. A confrontation in the concert hall can be larger than life. McCartney likes to play with the sentiments of his audience. Doing that he often slips down to a musically critical low level.'

Ain't No Sunshine

A hit for Bill Withers in 1971. It was included in Paul's MTV Unplugged and appeared on Unplugged (The Official Bootleg), with Hamish Stuart on lead vocal.

Ain't That A Shame

A number composed by Domino and Bartholomew. Paul's version of the number, lasting 2 minutes and 40 seconds, was included on the Tripping The Live Fantastic album. It was recorded live at the Tokyo Dome, Japan on Friday 9 March 1990 during the 1989/90 World Tour.

Air Canada Center

A venue in Toronto, Canada where Paul appeared on 13 April 2002 as part of his 'Driving USA' tour. It was a sell-out show with an audience of 16,169. Prior to the concert, Paul held a 15-minute press conference at the venue. An addition to the show was the introduction of a performance of 'Mull Of Kintyre' played by the Peel Regional Police Pipe Band comprising fourteen pipers and eight drummers. The local newspaper the Star reported, 'We should all wear our pasts as well as Paul McCartney. And look as good doing it.'

Alexeyev, Anya

A Russian pianist who Paul first noticed in December 1994 when Prince Charles presented her with the Queen Elizabeth Rose Bowl Award at the Royal College of Music.

When Paul held his charitable event 'An Evening With Paul McCartney And Friends' at the Royal College of Music on Thursday 23 March 1995, his concert opened with Anya playing Paul's new classical composition A Leaf.

Anya, who was 22 years old at the time, also recorded the number for release on CD and cassette on Monday 24 April 1995.

All My Loving

Paul thought up this number while he was shaving one day, while the Beatles were appearing on a tour with Roy Orbison. He then worked it out during the afternoon on the tour bus and at the venue he found a piano and set it to music.

He said, 'I wrote 'All My Loving' like a piece of poetry and then, I think, I put a song to it later.'

In fact, 'All My Loving' was the first song Paul had ever written where the words came first.

The Beatles recorded it at Abbey Road Studios on Tuesday 30 July 1963 and the song first appeared on the With The Beatles album in November 1963 and was the title track of an EP of the same name in February 1964. It has appeared on many albums, including the American Meet the Beatles, The Beatles 1962-1966 compilation in 1973, the live The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl in 1977 and the mammoth world records The Beatles Box and The Beatles Ballads in 1980.

The number was also featured in the film A Hard Day's Night, and on numerous TV shows including Sunday Night At the London Palladium, The Ed Sullivan Show and With the Beatles.

It has been recorded by almost a hundred artists including Liverpool band the Trends, Count Basie, the Chipmunks, Herb Alpert and the George Martin Orchestra.

A version of the number lasting 2 minutes and 18 seconds was recorded live at East Rutherford, New Jersey on 11 June 1993 and included on the Paul Is Live album.

Alt My Trials

A traditional number, which Paul made an arrangement of and performed during his world tour. This particular track, which Paul also produced, was recorded on Friday 27 October 1989 at Milan, Italy during his 102-concert world tour.

It was an excerpt from the traditional medley 'American Trilogy', which Paul only performed once during the entire tour at this Milan concert. The composer credit on the single read 'Trad. Arr. McCartney' while the production was credited to Paul, Bob Clearmountain and Peter Henderson. Mixing was by Bob Clearmountain and remixing by Matt Butler.

The number featured Paul on vocals and bass, Linda on keyboards, Hamish Stuart on guitar, Robbie Mclntosh on guitar, Paul 'Wix' Wickens on keyboard and Chris Whitten on drums.

There were various formats issued, including a 7" single, also containing the track 'C Moon', taken from the soundtrack of the video documentary 'Put It There'. A cassette version on TCR 6278 included both tracks repeated on both sides of the tape.

The 12" version (12R 6278) and the first 5" CD single (CDR 6278) featured both these tracks, plus 'Mull of Kintyre' and 'Put It There' (the latter taken from the Tripping The Live Fantastic album), and were issued on Monday 26 November 1990.

Another 5" CD (CDRX 6278) contained 'All My Trials', 'C Moon' and 'Lennon Medley'. The 'Lennon Medley' had been recorded live in Liverpool on Thursday 28 June 1990 and comprised 'Strawberry Fields'/ 'Helpl'/'Give Peace A Chance'.

There was also a 7" vinyl single, issued on RDJ 6278, which was issued specially to disc jockeys for promotional purposes.

All Shook Up

A track from the Run Devil Run album lasting 2 minutes and 6 seconds. Penned by Richard Blackwell and Elvis Presley it was recorded on Tuesday 4 May 1999 at Abbey Road Studios. It featured Paul on lead vocal and bass guitar, Dave Gilmour on electric guitar and backing vocal, Mick Green on electric guitar, Dave Mattacks on drums and Geraint Watkins on Wurlitzer piano.

Paul recalled how he loved Elvis Presley in his pre-Army days. As a teenager he went out with his friend Ian James, both of them dressed in draped, flak jackets. They thought they looked cool and would easily pick up girls. It didn't happen and Paul got depressed, so Ian took him to his Grannie's house in the Dingle and they played 'All Shook Up' on the record player - and it rid Paul of his blues.

All Stand Together

The song which brought George Martin and Paul together again in the recording studios. The number was penned for a short film about Rupert Bear. George produced it in his AIR Studios on Friday 31 October and Monday 3 November 1980. The King's Singers and the St Paul's Boys Choir backed Paul.

'All Stand Together' was eventually released in Britain on Parlophone R6086 on Monday 5 November 1984 and reached No. 3 in the charts.

The flipside was a humming version of the song, credited to Paul McCartney and the Finchley Frogettes.

All The Best

The second Paul McCartney compilation album containing Wings and his solo hits. The double album was issued in the UK on Monday 2 November 1987 and in America on Thursday 5 November 1987 and sported a cover photo by Tim O'Sullivan.

There were 26 tracks in the collection with two previously unre-leased numbers 'Once Upon A Long Ago', a song produced by Phil Ramone (which was omitted from the American release) in 1987 and 'Waterspout'.

The tracks were: 'Jet', 'Band On The Run', 'Coming Up', 'Ebony And Ivory', 'Listen To What The Man Said', 'No More Lonely Nights', 'Silly Love Songs', 'Let 'Em In', 'C-Moon', 'Pipes Of Peace', 'Live And Let Die', 'Another Day', 'Maybe I'm Amazed', 'Goodnight Tonight', 'Once Upon A Long Ago', 'Say Say Say', 'With A Little Luck', 'My Love', 'We All Stand Together' and 'Mull Of Kintyre'.

The CD version omitted three tracks: 'Maybe I'm Amazed', 'With A Little Luck' and 'Goodnight Tonight'.

As a promotional measure, EMI issued a limited edition box set

containing nine of the singles, featuring tracks from the album, with catalogue numbers from PMB0X11 to PMBOX19.

The American release on Saturday 5 December had a slightly different track listing. Absent were the tracks 'Pipes Of Peace', 'Maybe I'm Amazed', 'Once Upon A Long Ago', 'We All Stand Together' and 'Mull Of Kintyre' and additions were 'Junior's Farm' and 'Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey'.

The album reached No. 62 in the US charts.

All This Useless Beauty

An album by Elvis Costello & the Attractions, released in 1996. It contained three of the numbers Costello penned with Paul: 'Shallow Grave', 'That Day Is Done' and 'Mistress And Maid'.

All Those Years Ago

George Harrison's tribute to John on which Paul and Ringo also appeared. George and Ringo began recording it at Friar Park in November 1980. George then took out Ringo's vocals and put on his own, with specially written new lyrics. Paul and Linda then recorded backing vocals at Friar Park. It was issued in America on Monday 11 May 1981 with 'Writing's On The Wall' on the flipside and released in Britain on Friday 15 May 1981.

All Together Now

A number penned by Paul that the Beatles recorded on Friday 12 May 1967 at Abbey Road Studios, in the absence of George Martin but with engineer Geoff Emerick at the controls. The number was featured at the close of the animated feature film 'Yellow Submarine' when the Beatles themselves finally make an appearance and sing the song. During the number, the title is repeated around fifty times.

'AH Together Now' was recorded during a six-hour session and later became a popular song chanted at football stadiums.

All You Horseriders

One of several tracks Paul recorded for the McCartney II album in July 1979 that weren't used on the LP. The number appeared on the film documentary Blankit's First Show.

Alpin, Kenny

A classmate of Paul's at the Liverpool Institute.

Paul once used him as a scapegoat. He'd drawn a rather vulgar sketch of a naked woman for the amusement of his classmates, and had put it in his shirt pocket and forgotten about it. His mother discovered it there before washing the shirt and the embarrassed Paul told her that Kenny Alpin was the artistic culprit. His conscience got the better of him and two days later he confessed.

American Music Awards

An awards show that was broadcast on American television on ABC TV on Monday 27 January 1986 to an audience of 50 million viewers.

Taking place in Los Angeles, it was the 13th annual edition of the show. Paul had been given the 'Award of Merit'. The master of ceremonies was Lionel Richie who introduced film clips and tributes from Little Richard, Pete Townshend, Peggy Lee and Chevy Chase. Richie also introduced Julian Lennon who told Paul, 'My father would be as happy as I am to see you honoured in this way tonight. I just want to say congratulations, and here's to the future.'

A pre-recorded satellite transmission of Paul was beamed in from London's Hippodrome club in London where Phil Collins presented him with the award. In his acceptance speech Paul thanked a number of people, ending his speech with the words 'I'd like to thank very specially George, Ringo and Julian's dad, John ... God bless you all. Peace on Earth.'

American Video Awards

An annual event that is the promotional video equivalent of the Oscars. When the awards took place in Los Angeles on Wednesday 6 April 1983, Paul received a 'Hall of Fame' award. This special tribute was given for his 'outstanding achievement in video'. The award for the Best Soul Video went to 'Ebony And Ivory' and both awards were accepted on Paul's behalf by John Weaver, a producer at Keefco, the company which made the 'Ebony And Ivory' promotional film and which was established by pop video director Keith McMillan.

Amnesty International

During Amnesty International's fortieth anniversary Paul was presented with a Lifetime Achievement award. The ceremony took place in New York on Monday 28 January 2002 at the organisation's fifth annual Media Spotlight Awards.

The awards honour courageous and principled journalists, filmmakers, writers, musicians and actors who educate the public about human rights through their work.

Amnesty International's American director William F Schultz commented, 'Paul has consistently used his status both as a musician and a public figure to raise awareness of a variety of critical social issues.'

And I Love Her

A number inspired by Jane Asher which Paul wrote when he was living at the Ashers' Wimpole Street house. The Beatles recorded it in February 1964 for A Hard Day's Night. Paul was to say that it was the first ballad of his that impressed him, commenting, 'Written at Wimpole Street, it was the first ballad I impressed myself with. It's got nice chords in it. George played really good guitar on it. It worked very well. I'm not sure if John worked on that at all. The middle eight is mine. I wrote this on my own. I can see Margaret Asher's upstairs drawing room. I remember playing it there.'

John Lennon did give him a hand with some of the lyrics. Their publisher Dick James described how that happened. They were laying down the tracks and doing the melody lines of the song "And I Love Her". It was a very simple song and quite repetitive. George Martin and I looked at each other and the same thought sparked off in both of our minds. It was proving to be, although plain and a warm and sympathetic song, just too repetitive, with the same phrase repeating. George Martin told the boys, "Both Dick and I feel that the song is just lacking the middle. It's too repetitive, and it needs something to break it up." I think it was John who shouted, "OK, let's have a tea break," and John and Paul went to the piano and, while Mai Evans was getting tea and some sandwiches, the boys worked at the piano. Within half an hour they wrote, there before our very eyes, a very constructive middle to a very commercial song. Although we know it isn't long, it's only a four-bar middle, nevertheless it was just the right ingredient to break up the over repetitive effect of the original melody.'

Apart from appearing on the Hard Day's Night album it also appeared on the American Capitol EP 'Four By The Beatles'.

It next appeared on The Beatles 1962-1966 in 1978; The Beatles Ballads and Beatles Rarities in 1980; and Reel Music and 20 Greatest Hits in 1982.

One of the most popular of the Beatles' love ballads, it has been recorded by over 300 different artists, covering a range of styles and moods, including Ray Davies, Julie London, Smokey Robinson, Georgie Fame and Connie Francis.

And The Sun Wilt Shine

A Paul Jones single penned by Robin, Barry and Maurice Gibb and produced by Peter Asher, Jane's brother. The number was issued in Britain on Columbia DB 8379 on 8 March 1968. Paul played drums on the track.

Anderson, Rusty

A session guitarist, former member of the band Living Daylights. He'd played on sessions for the Bangles for producer David Kahne and Kahne recommended him to Paul for the Driving Rain album. He also played on The Concert For New York City album. He'd previously played on sessions for artists such as Stevie Nicks, Carole King, k.d.lang and Ricky Martin.

Rusty was asked to become part of the band on the 'Driving USA' tour.

Angel In Disguise

A number that Paul had written for Ringo's album Time Takes Time in 1991. He commented, 'Ringo's just finished a new album and I wrote a song for that, which I haven't heard yet. It's called "Angel In Disguise" - which is Ringo. He was pleased.'

Paul also revealed that Ringo had asked him for another verse, so Paul told him: '"Let's write the extra verse together. Or you can just write it and we'll have co-written the song." And I understand he has written a third verse. If it's another "With A Little Help From My Friends" great. If it isn't, great.'

However, the number was left off Time Takes Time when it was released.

Anglican Cathedral

Situated in Hope Street, Liverpool on St James's Mount, the cathedral is the biggest in Britain and one of the largest in the world. It took seven decades to construct. Architect Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, a Roman Catholic, died 18 years before completion. King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra laid the foundation stone in 1904 and Elizabeth II attended the service of consecration in 1978.

In 1953 Paul auditioned for a place in the Cathedral Choir, but was unsuccessful. He had auditioned because his father had insisted; but he deliberately cracked his voice at the audition. He did become a choirboy for a time - at St Chad's Choir, near Penny Lane, but he soon tired of it.

The Cathedral had a capacity of 2,500 when Paul's first full classical work Paul McCartney's Liverpool Oratorio had its world premiere there on Friday 28 June 1991. Carl Davis conducted the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra; there was a full choir, a children's choir and four famous singers - Dame Kiri Те Kanawa, Jerry Hadley, Willard White and Sally Burgess.


A track on the Press To Play album lasting 3 minutes and 36 seconds, which also featured Phil Collins and Pete Townshend.


A hit American musical based on the famous 'Little Orphan Annie' comic strip. It was a major success on Broadway and in London's West End. Annie was also turned into a multimillion-dollar movie musical with Albert Finney starring.

Paul purchased the music publishing rights via his MPL Company and took his family to see the musical in both New York and London. He and Linda took 35 friends with them to the London premiere at the Victoria Palace Theatre in May 1978. Paul even bought full-page advertisements in the Sunday Times and the New York Times to congratulate Annie's success.

When Paul and Linda went to see the musical at the Alvin Theater, New York on Friday 29 April 1977 they went backstage after the show to congratulate Andrea McArdle, who portrayed Annie in the show.

Another Day

Paul's first solo single, to which John Lennon referred to in his song 'How Do You Sleep'. Its theme was about the drudgery of office life.

The songwriting was credited to Paul and Linda, which caused a slight panic at ATV Music who had spent millions purchasing Northern Songs in a deal that included rights to new material from Paul and John. At the time, the Evening Standard reported that 'half the copyright is being claimed by Maclen Music Ltd (the first assignees of copyright of all Lennon and McCartney compositions), and the other half by a company called McCartney Inc.'

In a Rolling Stone interview with Paul Gambaccini, Paul was to say, 'Lew Grade suddenly saw his songwriting concession, which he'd just paid an awful lot of money for, virtually to get hold of John and I, he suddenly saw that I was claiming that I was writing half my stuff with Linda, and that if I was writing half of it she was entitled to a pure half of it, no matter whether she was a recognised songwriter or not. I didn't think that was important, I thought that whoever I worked with, no matter what the collaboration was, that person, if they did help on the song, should have a portion of the song for helping me. I think at the time their organisation suddenly thought, "Hello, they're pulling a fast one, they're trying to get some of the money back," whereas in fact, it was the truth.'

ATV Music instigated legal action, although the matter was eventually settled amicably. Paul wrote to Lew Grade and Lew replied.

'I can't remember exactly what it said,' commented Paul, 'but it was a very nice letter. He's actually OK, Lew, he's all right.' The action was dropped and Paul agreed to compensate ATV by making a TV spectacular 'James Paul McCartney' for Grade's company.

'Another Day' was released on Apple R5889 in Britain on Friday 19 February 1971 (the day the court case opened to dissolve the Beatles partnership), with 'Oh Woman Oh Why' as the flip. Paul had completed the recording the previous month in New York, backed by Dave Spinozza (guitar), Hugh McCracken (guitar) and Denny Seiwell (drums), in addition to the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. The song topped the British charts. In America it was released on Monday 22 February on Apple 1829 and reached the No. 5 position.

It was also included on the 1978 album Wings Greatest.

It was also issued in Germany on Apple/1 C600-0475 8, in Italy on Apple/EMI Italia 3C006-04758, in France on Apple 2C006-04758M and in Japan on Apple AR2771.

Another Girl

A song Paul wrote while he was on holiday at Hammamet, Tunisia in 1965. He recorded it the day after he returned from the holiday on Monday 15 February, while it was still fresh in his mind. The number was included in the film Help! and also on the album. Paul sang lead vocal and also played lead guitar.

Anthology Project, The

The Beatles' Anthology project had its origins immediately before the Beatles actually broke up. There was a discussion about producing a film of the Beatles' history in which the group themselves would have control. Neil Aspinall actually began work on the project, which was initially called The Long And Winding Road and at one point he made a 90-minute film.

Interest faded over the years but around 1989 the concept was revived and Paul recalls that they wrote to ten different film directors including Ridley Scott, Michael Apted, Martin Scorsese and Stephen Spielberg asking if they would be interested in directing a Beatles' anthology.

Steven Spielberg, who was currently directing E.T, contacted them. He told Paul that he was not really the person to do it, but suggested Martin Scorsese. The Beatles eventually decided to do it themselves through Apple and hired Geoff Wonfor who had directed the Oratorio film for Paul. Paul, George and Ringo then got together in front of the cameras, individually and in a group. Paul recalled, 'Of course ... our memories are terrible, which is actually why we wanted to do this thing ... but we found none of us could remember any of the stories the same. Each one of us, after all those years, has a slightly different story.'

It was suggested that the original title of The Long And Winding Road was more appropriate than Anthology, but internal politics ruled that out. George Harrison in particular didn't want to use the original title, possibly because it was Paul's. As Paul remarked, 'I have to be ready for my ideas to just mean nothing. And I have to subjugate myself to the common good. That's how the Beatles worked. So you know, George definitely has had a problem with a couple of things that it's just too McCartney.'

Anti-Heroin Project, The

The full title of this charity album was The Anti-Heroin Project: It's A Live-In World.

Paul donated a track, 'Simple As That', to the album, which was issued in the UK on Monday 24 November 1986.

Apocalypse Tube, The

A special edition of the 1980s pop show which was broadcast live on Sky Television on Saturday 20 November 1999. It was broadcast from the Newcastle studios of the original show and directed by Geoff Wonfor, who'd directed the Beatles' Anthology. The appearance was to promote the Run Devil Run album, although Dave Gilmour couldn't be present and was replaced by Chester Kamen, During the performance of 'Party' Fran Healy of Travis joined them. Robbie Williams was originally to have also joined Paul on this number, but didn't make it and Paul said, 'Robbie has left the building.' Paul played 'Party' a second time and also performed 'Lonesome Town', still playing while the credits were rolling.


A 1992 film follow-up to Blankit's First Show. It was a 30-minute film and featured some previously unavailable music from Paul and Linda on the soundtrack. Two of Linda's compositions were 'Love's Full Glory' and 'Appaloosa Jam'. Paul wrote the number 'Blankit' specially for the film, which also included a classical piece arranged by Paul and Carl Davis which incorporated a tune by Linda called 'Appaloosa' and a tune by Paul called 'Meditation'. The number was four minutes in length. The MPL film was given its first screening on BBC 2 on Sunday 16 July 1994.

12 Ardwick Road

A three-bedroom terraced house in Speke, on the outskirts of Liverpool. It was one of the McCartney family homes at the beginning of the 1950s. When the family first moved there it was a new estate on the fringes of Speke where Paul and Mike shared the same bedroom. Their father rigged a set of earphones from the wireless downstairs into their bedroom where they used to listen to one of their favourite programmes, Dick Barton, Special Agent. They also had a pet dog called Prince. It was the house the McCartneys lived in prior to moving to 20 Forthlin Road. In 1998 Paul visited this early home with his son James. The owner John Stanley was surprised when he answered a knock on the door and saw Paul and James. His wife Patricia commented, 'Paul said he had passed the house several times but had only just plucked up the courage to knock. He was very down-to-earth - he didn't put on any airs and graces.'

Arrow Through Me

A number penned by Paul which was included on Back To The Egg album and issued as a single in America. It was released on Columbia 1-11070 on Tuesday 14 August 1979.

The number was co-produced by Paul and Chris Thomas. 'Old Siam Sir' was on the flipside. The track was very unusual because of the absence of guitars. Moog synthesisers and brass instruments had been used to provide the backing. The single reached No. 29 in the US charts.

A bonus track on the single, 'Arrow Through Me/Old Siam Sir' was

issued in Britain and the US. It was included in the repertoire of the 1979 Wings tour of Britain and there was a promotional film clip of the number on the Back To The Egg TV special in 1979. It was also released in Spain on Odeon 10C006-063423.

Arrowsmith, Clive

Photographer who took the cover shots for the albums Band On The Run and Off The Ground.

Asher, Dr Richard

Jane Asher's father and head of the family group of which Paul became a part when he began to live in their Wimpole Street house. He came to a tragic end. Dr Asher was missing for six days and was then found dead in the basement of Wimpole Street on Saturday 26 April 1969. He was lying on the cellar floor with half a bottle of whisky by his hand. The cause of death was attributed to a mixture of alcohol and barbiturates.

Asher, Jane

An actress/author/TV celebrity. She was born in London on 5 April 1946.

Her father Dr Richard Asher was a consultant in Blood and Mental Diseases at Central Middlesex Hospital in Acton, London in addition to being a writer and broadcaster. (Tragically, he was to die of an overdose of barbiturates and alcohol. His body was discovered on Saturday 26 April 1969.)

Her mother Margaret Augusta Asher was a Professor of Classical Music at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama and had taught George Martin to play the oboe - she was also to teach Paul McCartney to play the recorder. Jane had a brother Peter, who was two years older and a sister, Claire, who was two years younger. All three Asher children had the distinctive Titian-red hair.

Jane was educated at Queen's College, Harley Street. At the age of five she made her film debut in Mandy (1952). Her interest in acting began when her parents took their three children to a theatrical agency, thinking it would be fun for them to learn to act.

Her other screen appearances over the years have included Third Party Risk (1953); Dance Little Lady, Adventure In The Hopfields (1954); The Quatermass Xperiment (1955); Charley Moon, and The Greengage Summer (1956); The Prince And The Pauper (1962); Girl In The Headlines (1963); The Masque Of The Red Death (1964); Alfie (1966); The Winter's Tale (1967); The Buttercup Chain, and Deep End (1970); Henry VIII And His Six Wives (1972); Runners (1983), Success Is The Best Revenge (1984), Dreamchild (1985), Paris By Night (1988) and Closing Numbers (1995).

Her television appearances are numerous and a brief selection includes 'The Cold Equations' episode of Out Of This World (1962); Nigel Kneale's 'The Stone Tape' (1972); Brideshead Revisited (1981); 'A Voyage Round My Father' (1982); 'The Mistress' (1987); 'Wish Me Luck' (1990) and Murder Most Horrid (1991). This is in addition to appearances in various series such as The Adventures Of Robin Hood, The Adventurer, The Saint and The Buccaneers, plus prestigious productions including the part of Lisle in The Brothers Karamazov and Maggie Tulliver in The Mill On The Floss.

At the age of twelve she made her stage debut as Alice in Alice In Wonderland at the Oxford Playhouse. In 1960 Jane became the youngest actress to play Wendy in a West End stage version of Peter Pan. Her stage roles include the Broadway production of The Philanthropist, playing Perdita in A Winter's Tale and Cassandra in The Trojan Women. She also featured in various productions for the Bristol Old Vic, including the title role in Cleo by Frank Marcus, the part of Ellen Terry in Sixty Thousand Nights and Eliza in Pygmalion.

Her other stage work has included The Things We Do For Love, The Shallow End, The School for Scandal, Henceforward, Blithe Spirit, Before The Party, Whose Life Is It Anyway?, To Those Born Later, Strawberry Fields, Treats, Old Flames, Look Back in Anger, Romeo and Juliet, Measure for Measure, Great Expectations, The Happiest Days of Your Life, Will You Walk A little Faster?, Making It Better and The Things We Do for Love.

She was seventeen years old when she first met the Beatles on Thursday 18 April 1963. They were appearing on the BBC radio broadcast 'Swingin' Sound' at the Royal Albert Hall. Jane went along to pose for Radio Times photographer Tony Aspler who pictured her screaming in the audience. The article appeared in the Thursday 2 May 1963 edition of the Radio Times with Jane commenting, 'Now these I could scream for.'

Jane then approached them while they were having a snack in the Royal Court Hotel in Sloane Square, where they were staying. She mentioned to them that she had been asked to write about them in the Radio Times. They were aware of her as she'd been a guest panellist on the TV show Juke Box Jury and they were all charmed by her.

Brian Epstein returned to his own hotel and Ringo stayed behind to have an early night. Singer Shane Fenton, who'd also been on the concert bill that day, drove John, Paul, George and Jane to journalist Chris Hutchins' flat, situated on the top floor of King's House on the King's Road. Initially, it was George who seemed to engage most of her attention. During the course of the next few hours Paul began to show his interest in Jane and the others left him to talk to her alone. Later he escorted her home and arranged to meet her again.

The romance became public when a photographer snapped them as they left the Prince of Wales Theatre after attending Neil Simon's play Never Too Late.

Cynthia Lennon was to comment, 'Paul fell like a ton of bricks for Jane. The first time I was introduced to her was at her home and she was sitting on Paul's knee. My first impression of Jane was how beautiful and finely featured she was. Her mass of Titian-coloured hair cascaded around her face and shoulders, her pale complexion contrasting strongly with dark clothes and shining hair. Paul was obviously as proud as a peacock with his new lady. For Paul, Jane Asher was a great prize.'

Paul moved into the Asher family home at 57 Wimpole Street, a five-storey terraced house. It happened shortly after Paul had missed his last train home to Liverpool following a date with Jane and stayed the night. Margaret Asher suggested that he regard the house as his London home. Paul had shared a flat in Green Street with Ringo and George, but didn't really like it there. He moved into the top floor, where there were two rooms and a bathroom, the second room being Peter's bedroom. Jane and Claire had the two rooms below.

This relationship with an upper middle-class family broadened his cultural horizons. There were stimulating discussions around the Asher family dinner table and the two of them attended musicals, classical concerts, plays and exhibitions and went on holidays together to exotic places. Paul even opened an account at Coutts, the Queen's bankers, and ordered Jane's birthday cake from Maxim's in Paris, while Jane helped Paul select his new car, a midnight blue Aston Martin DB6.

Paul and Jane were seen frequently in public, but it was noted that Paul gravitated to celebrities when he saw them; often forgetting that he was in the company of Jane.

Film producer Walter Shenson was to observe such a situation and commented, 'Paul and Jane came out to a dinner party with my wife and me one night. Joan Sutherland, the opera singer, just happened to be there. Paul zeroed in on her at once as a big star. He left Jane with me and my wife and stayed talking to Joan Sutherland for the rest of the evening.'

The couple went on a number of holidays together. On 16 September 1963 they flew to Greece for a holiday in company with Ringo and Maureen Starr. On 2 May 1964 they flew to St Thomas in the Virgin Islands with Ringo and Maureen. The two of them went on a 10-day holiday to Hammanet in Tunisia on 4 February 1965. On 27 May 1965 they spent a fortnight's holiday in Portugal. On 6 March 1966 they went on holiday to Klosters in Switzerland. On 6 November 1966 the two travelled through France and Spain and then went on to a safari holiday in Kenya. On 22 July 1967 Paul and Jane, together with John, Cynthia and Julian, holidayed in Greece. Jane also accompanied Paul on the trip to India that year where they studied meditation at the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's ashram.

The young actress became the inspiration for a number of his songs; initially purely love songs, which changed as the relationship entered stormy patches - primarily because she refused to give up her career. 'She Loves You' was written in the music room at Wimpole Street. Songs inspired by Jane included 'And I Love Her', 'Every Little Thing',

'We Can Work It Out', 'You Won't See Me', Tm Looking Through You' and 'Here, There And Everywhere'.

The crisis in their relationship arose from the fact that Jane had a successful career, which she was determined to pursue. Paul wanted his girlfriend to dedicate herself to him in the type of relationship common between men and women in working-class Liverpool. However, Jane came from a different world and had her own strong opinions; extending her own horizons as an actress didn't include becoming a subservient woman and sacrificing her career for 'her man'. At one point she refused to answer his telephone calls, which inspired 'You Won't See Me'. Jane was appearing in Great Expectations at the Theatre Royal, Bristol, when he recorded the number.

He obviously tried to give messages to her through his songs and told Beatles' biographer Hunter Davies: 'I knew I was selfish, it caused a few rows. Jane went off and said, "OK, then, leave. I'll find someone else." It was shattering to be without her. That was when I wrote "I'm Looking Through You".'

Jane was appearing at the Bristol Old Vic as Barbara Cahoun in John Dighton's The Happiest Days of Your Life, when Paul visited Bristol to see her. While there he noticed the name on a shop, Rigby & Evans Ltd, Wine & Spirit Shippers, which he says, gave him the surname for the song 'Eleanor Rigby'.

Jane helped Paul to find the five-storey Victorian house in Cavendish Avenue, St John's Wood, which they moved into in 1966. Jane decorated the house and always kept it in tip-top condition. Unfortunately, during a spring-cleaning session a number of original early Lennon and McCartney songs were lost forever when she threw away a notebook full of lyrics while emptying a cupboard.

It was Jane who, in June 1966, persuaded Paul to buy High Farm, a 183-acre farm in Machrihanish, Campbeltown, suggesting it would be a good idea for them to have a remote retreat to which they could escape from the pressures of being constantly in the public eye.

She embarked on a five-month tour of America in 1967, appearing with the Bristol Old Vic in Romeo and Juliet in Boston, Washington and Philadelphia. Paul flew over to America to celebrate her twenty-first birthday, which took place during the tour. It was during this trip that he conceived the idea of 'Magical Mystery Tour'.

On her return, Jane said: 'Paul had changed so much. He was on LSD, which I knew nothing about. The house had changed and it was full of stuff I didn't know about.'

The two decided to get married and during an interview in the Daily Express in 1967 she said: 'I love Paul. I love him very deeply, and he feels the same. I don't think either of us has looked at anyone else since we first met.' She was to add: 'I want to get married, probably this year, and have lots and lots of babies. I certainly would be surprised indeed if I married anyone but Paul.'

On New Year's Day 1968 he proposed marriage, gave her a diamond and emerald ring and they travelled up north to tell Paul's father.

But the five-year romance came to an abrupt end, despite the fact that they obviously loved each other. Jane had been a virgin when they met and fidelity to a partner obviously meant a great deal to her. On the other hand, Paul had always been a womaniser. During her absences when touring, he had been dating other girls and began an affair with an American, Francie Schwartz.

Jane arrived home unexpectedly when Paul was in bed with Schwartz. She walked out on him and sent her mother to Cavendish Avenue to collect her belongings.

The couple did meet once or twice after the Schwartz incident, but the split was final, although Jane was to say: 'I know it sounds corny, but we still see each other and love each other, but it hasn't worked out. Perhaps we'll be childhood sweethearts and meet again and get married when we're about seventy.'

The day after her mother had collected her belongings from Cavendish Avenue, Paul and Jane were seen in Hyde Park together and on Paul's birthday, 18 June 1968, they attended the opening of a play together. On 7 July the two travelled to north Wales for the wedding of Mike McCartney and Angela Fishwick.

However, on the 20 July edition of the BBC Television show Dee Time, Jane announced officially that their engagement was off. She didn't offer an explanation as to why.

At a later time, commenting on the break-up, Paul said, 'We nearly did get married. But it always used to fall short of the mark and something happened. And one of us would think it wasn't right, for which I'm obviously glad now. Jane and I had a long good relationship, I still like her. I don't know whether she likes me, but I don't see any reason why not. We don't see each other at all.'

Jane met political cartoonist Gerald Scarfe at the tenth anniversary party of Private Eye in 1970. The two fell in love and their first child Katie was born on 17 April 1974.

Jane appeared in further acting parts, including a TV production of Romeo and Juliet. After the birth of Katie, she curtailed her acting career for a while, but appeared in the stage version of Whose Life Is It Anyway?

A son Alexander was born in 1981, and Jane and Gerald were married that year. Their third child Rory was born in 1984.

Jane returned to acting in the 1980s with many television appearances. They included the part of Celia Rider opposite Jeremy Irons in Brideshead Revisited, with James Fox in 'Love Is Old, Love Is New', a drama about a couple obsessed with the 1960s which featured a lot of Beatles music; and with Laurence Olivier in John Mortimer's 'A Voyage Round My Father'.

Other TV appearances included the costume drama Hawkmoor and an episode of Tales of the Unexpected. She teamed up with James Fox once again for the film Runners, and in 1985 with Ian Holm and Coral Browne in Dreamchild.

Jane has written ten books on entertaining, fancy dress and ornate cake decoration and in 1995 launched her own national publication Jane Asher's Magazine, at a time when she was regularly featured on television commercials.

Her books include Jane Asher's Party Cakes (1984), Jane Asher's Fancy Dress (1985), Silent Nights for You and Your Baby (1987), Keep Your Baby Safe (1988), Jane Asher's Calendar of Cakes (1989), Jane Asher's Eats For Treats (1990), Jane Asher's Costume Book (1991), The Best of Good Living With Jane Asher: Creative Ideas For Your Family and Home (1998) and Jane Asher's World of Cakes (1998).

She has also provided the narration to a number of audio cassettes, including The Snow Spider, This Rough Magic, My Brother Michael, Talk of a One-Way Street, Past Eight O'Clock, Wildfire at Midnight, The Ivy Tree, Airs Above Ground, Enchantment, Haphazard House, Lizzy & Co and The Skull Beneath the Skin.

The 1990s was the most successful decade of her career. She had her various cake products sold in Sainsbury's supermarkets and also acted as consultant for the company, her kitchen items were available in the do-it-yourself stores, she had a regular TV show of her own on BBC TV called Good Living, and her own weekly column in a national newspaper, in addition to appearing in the McVities biscuits, cakes and desserts advertisements on television. In 1998 she had her first two novels published, The Longing and The Question. Her new book in 1999 Tricks of the Trade was based on her Daily Express column. The same year her third novel, Trying to Get Out, was published.

Jane met Paul again in 1994 for the first time in more than twenty years.

Asher, Margaret Augusta

Jane Asher's mother, who agreed with Jane that they should invite Paul to use their Wimpole Street home as his residence when in London. He then moved into the Georgian town house in November 1963.

Her father was the Hon. Edward Granville Eliot and she had played in a number of orchestras as an oboist before leaving to raise her children.

Later, she became a music teacher at the Guildhall School of Music, with George Martin as one of her pupils. She also found someone from the Guildhall School of Music to give Paul piano lessons.

In the basement of the house, Margaret also had her own music room with an upright piano in it. 'Eleanor Rigby' was one of the numbers Paul composed on the piano in the room. He also wrote 'Yesterday' during the time he was at the Wimpole Street house and Margaret Asher used the number as a test piece for her students.

She also taught Paul to play the recorder.

Asher, Peter

Jane Asher's brother, he was born in London on 2 June 1944. Margaret Asher had taken all her children to an acting agent and at the age of eight Peter appeared in the film The Planter's Wife with Jack Hawkins and Claudette Col burn and Isn't Life Wonderful? It was whilst attending Westminster School that he first met Gordon Waller and as the two sang and played guitar, they decided to team up, with their heroes being artists such as the Everly Brothers.

Paul had originally played Peter an uncompleted song 'World Without Love', which he was going to offer to Billy J Kramer. Kramer didn't think it was suitable for him and it wasn't suitable for the Beatles, at least as far as John Lennon was concerned. When Peter 6c Gordon were offered their EMI recording contract, Peter asked Paul if he could complete the song for them, so he wrote the bridge to the number, which hadn't had one before.

Normal Newall produced the record for them and it topped the British charts.

Peter & Gordon then went on to record two further compositions by Paul, both in 1964: 'Nobody I Know' and 'I Don't Want To See You Again'.

The next composition that Paul wrote for Peter and Gordon was called 'Woman'. Paul asked them if, as an experiment, they could put the record out without saying that he wrote it, so they put it out crediting the writing of the song to Bernard Webb.

Peter 8c Gordon eventually decided to split up. Gordon was more of a lead singer and Peter felt he was more of a harmony singer, so Gordon was interested in making some records of his own.

Together with John Dunbar and Barry Miles, Peter launched a bookshop and gallery called Indica, which received support from Paul.

Peter was appointed head of A&cR at Apple Records and signed up James Taylor.

When Paul signed Mary Hopkin and was putting the session together for 'Those Were The Days', Peter recommended an arranger, Richard Hewson, to Paul and he was hired to arrange the number.

The first record Peter actually produced was a single for Paul Jones called 'And The Sun Will Shine'. The Bee Gees wrote it, Paul McCartney played drums, Paul Samwell-Smith of the Yardbirds played bass, Jeff Beck played guitar and Nicky Hopkins piano.

Following Jane Asher's announcement on the TV programme Dee Time that she and Paul had split up, it was said that a furious Paul entered Apple offices the next day and demanded that Peter be given the sack. Ron Kass managed to talk him out of it.

However, Asher resigned from Apple during the Allen Klein regime as he felt that James Taylor wasn't receiving enough promotion and his latest signing, Mortimer, weren't even getting a record released. For a time he joined Ron Kass in the A&R Department of MGM Records, and then went to New York with James Taylor and became his manager. He also went on to manage Linda Rondstadt. He has since won two 'Producer Of The Year' Grammies.

Asimov, Isaac

The world's most prolific science-fiction author, with over two hundred books to his credit. In one of them, the second volume of his autobiography, he describes how he met Paul McCartney in December 1974. Paul had been toying with an idea of a science-fiction film using Wings and had worked out a rough outline about a terrestrial pop group being replaced by alien imposters. He asked Asimov if he would write a story that would be suitable for a screenplay based on the idea. Asimov obliged and Paul paid him. However, Paul wasn't too happy with the rough draft and decided not to use it. He then asked Asimov if he could develop the idea from a piece of dialogue that he'd written himself, but the author declined.

Aspel And Company

A chat-show series produced by London Weekend Television which was first aired in 1984.

Paul was a guest on the first show, broadcast on Saturday 9 June. He discussed several subjects with host Michael Aspel, including the origin of his 'Picasso's Last Words' song. 'I met Dustin Hoffman and he said could you just write them (songs) like that? He threw me a copy of a magazine story on Picasso the night before his death, and I wrote this song which went on the Band On the Run album,'

Aspel asked Paul if he still had an incentive to write songs these days. Paul answered, 'It's just that I like it. I like to sit down with a piano and guitar and just try to write a song.'

Discussing inspiration, he said, 'I just kind of make it up. "Michelle" - I've never met her. I make it up, that's how I write. George Harrison couldn't understand that.'

He discussed his children: 'When I ask them what they think of my music and they tell me they like it, I think it's because they want to stay up late.'

He also commented: 'At home I'm not famous, I'm just Dad,' citing as an example an incident when one of his children turned round to him in Scotland and said, 'Are you Paul McCartney?'

Paul then plugged a contest in which viewers were invited to send in a painting of Buddy Holly to tie in with his 1984 Buddy Holly week. He then sang Holly's 'That'll Be The Day' with Tracey Ullman (also a guest) and Michael Aspel.

Astaire, Fred

A Hollywood singer/dancer, star of films such as Funny Face and Top Hat who was an inspiration to Paul in his youth. Paul dedicated his song 'You Gave Me The Answer' to Fred Astaire when he performed it on the Wings world tour during 1975/76.

Astaire was also one of the figures featured on the cover of the Sgt Pepper album.

Atlantic Ocean

A number recorded at Paul's home studio on Tuesday 10 March 1987, produced by Phil Ramone. Musicians on the track included Phil Picket on keyboards, Louis Jardim on percussion, Stuart Elliott on drums and Martin Barre on guitar. Paul played keyboards, bass and electric guitar. The number finally surfaced as the flipside of the British CD2 'Young Boy' single, issued in 1997. The dance track was also aired on the first programme in the Oboojoobu radio series.


A single by Donovan, produced by Mickie Most and issued on Pye 7N17660 on 22 November 1968. Paul played tambourine and also provided some backing vocals on the track.


A number by Paul, 3 minutes and 23 seconds in length, which he wrote and produced for Ringo for his Stop And Smell The Roses album, released in 1981.

The number features Ringo on lead vocal and drums, Paul on bass, piano and background vocals, Linda McCartney, Sheila Casey and Lezlee Livrano Pariser on background vocals, Howie Casey on sax and Laurence Juber on acoustic guitar and electric guitar.

Autodromo Hermanos Rodriquez

A racetrack in Mexico City where Paul appeared for two concerts as part of his New World tour in 1993, attracting capacity crowds of more than 50,000 at each event. The Thursday 25 November concert drew an audience of 52,122. Despite the demeanour of the audience, there were armed guards with automatic weapons, police in full riot gear and security personnel with nightsticks. There were also around seventy unauthorised dealers selling merchandise outside the track. Paul greeted the audience in Spanish with the words 'Hola Mexico, hablo poco Espanol, Estamos contentos de estar en Mexico,' which means, 'Hello Mexico, I speak a little bit of Spanish. We are very happy to be in Mexico.'

On the afternoon of the second show on Saturday 27 November, the soundcheck jam included the numbers 'A Fine Day', 'Summertime', 'Just Because', 'Be-Bop-A-Lula', 'Honey Don't', 'Every Night', 'All My Trials', 'C Moon', 'Don't Let The Sun Catch You Crying', 'The Long And Winding Road', 'Ain't That A Shame', 'Get Out Of My Way' and 'Twenty Flight Rock'.

During the evening show there was a delay of 40 minutes due to technical problems and prior to performing 'Hey Jude', Paul played '£/ Jarage Tapatio\ a Mexican mariachi song.

Average Person

A number by Paul lasting 3 minutes and 34 seconds which was included as a track on the Pipes Of Peace album.


1966: Along with John Lennon, Paul received the Grammy 'Song Of The Year' Award for Paul's composition 'Michelle'.

1966: Paul received a Grammy for 'Best Contemporary (Rock and Roll) Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female' for 'Eleanor Rigby'.

1967: Paul received an Ivor Novello Award for his composition 'Love In The Open Air', featured in the film The Family Way which was voted 'Best Instrumental Theme'.

1973: Paul received a Grammy for 'Best Pop Vocal Performance By a Duo, Group or Chorus' for 'Band On The Run'.

1973: He received a Grammy for 'Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s)' for 'Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey'.

1977: He received an Ivor Novello Award for 'Best Selling Single Ever In The UK' for 'Mull Of Kentyre'.

1979: He received a special Ivor Novello Award for 'Outstanding Services to Music'.

1980: Paul was presented with the 'Ivor Novello Special Award For International Achievement' by actor Yul Brynner at a luncheon at the Grosvenor House Hotel in London on Friday 9 May 1980.

1980: Paul received the 'Outstanding Music Personality Of 1979' award at the Cafe Royal, London during the 'British Rock And Pop Awards'. Pauline McLeod of the Daily Mirror presents him with the award, which is the result of votes from Daily Mirror readers, listeners to Radio One and viewers of the Nationwide TV programme.

1981: He received the prestigious 'International Music Achievement Award' from the Songwriters' Hall of Fame in America.

1982: He received a BPI Award for 'Best British Male Vocalist -Outstanding Contribution to Music' for Tug Of War.

1983: On Thursday 10 February Paul attended the British Phonographic Institute annual dinner at the Grosvenor House Hotel where he was presented with a Brit Award as 'Best British Male Artist Of 1982' by George Martin.

1983: On Thursday 5 May 'Ebony And Ivory' was voted 'International Hit Of the Year' at the Ivor Novello Awards ceremony.

1984: On Tuesday 13 March Paul received an Ivor Novello Award for 'We All Stand Together', voted the 'Best Film Theme Song'. (George Martin accepted this on Paul's behalf as Paul couldn't attend the ceremony due to Linda having tonsillitis.)

1985: 'Say Say Say', the number written by Paul and Michael Jackson received a citation at the second annual ASCAP Pop Awards in Beverly Hills, California as one of the five most performed songs in America during 1984.

1986: Paul was awarded a special 'Award of Merit' at the 13th annual American Music Awards. They were held at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles on 27 January 1986. Paul was unable to attend in person but received the award at the Hippodrome in London where he appeared on a live satellite link-up with the Shrine.

1986: On 28 May Paul received an award from ASCAP, the American publishing agency, for 'No More Lonely Nights' as the most performed song of the year from 1 October 1984 to 20 September 1985. As he was unable to attend the ceremony in Los Angeles, Hal David accepted the award on his behalf.

1986: On 16 October Paul received the 'Best Selling Video of the Year' award for 'Rupert And The Frog Song' at the British Video Awards ceremony at the Grosvenor House Hotel, London. David Steel, leader of the Liberal Party, presented him with the award.

1986: On 20 November Paul and Linda attended a reception in Munich, Germany where, at the annual 'Bambi' awards, Paul received the title 'Personality Of The Year' and was presented with his trophy by West German football manager Franz Beckenbauer.

1988: He was inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame as a member of the Beatles.

1988: On 24 June he received the Silver Clef Award at the annual luncheon in aid of the Nordoff-Robbins Music Therapy Centre, which took place at the Inter-Continental Hotel in London. The award was for 'Outstanding Achievement in the World of British Music'. (Paul paid $32,000 for a guitar autographed by the Everly Brothers and David Bowie and then gave it back to be re-auctioned.)

1988: Paul attended the Brighton Centre in East Sussex on Tuesday 12 July to receive the title of Doctor of the University from the University of Sussex.

1989: The Performing Rights Society threw a special luncheon at London's Claridge's Hotel on Tuesday 19 December in honour of Paul, presenting him with a 'Unique Achievement Award' - the first time they had honoured an individual member in this way.

1990: On Wednesday 21 February actress Meryl Streep presented him with a Lifetime Achievement Grammy Award.

1990: On 12 December Paul received the Q Merit Award for his outstanding and continued contribution to the music industry in the first presentation of awards by Q magazine, held at Ronnie Scott's nightclub in London.

1991: On 12 June he received the 'Tour Of the Year' award at the International Rock Awards in a ceremony held at the London Arena.

1992: On Monday 18 May Paul became the world's first recipient of 'The Polar Music Prize' from the Royal Swedish Academy of Music. This was in recognition of his 'creativity and imagination as a composer and artist who has revitalised popular music worldwide over the past thirty years'. King Carl Gustaf of Sweden made the award. The honour came with a gift of one million Swedish kronor (around £110,000 sterling) that Paul announced he would give to two projects, the Liverpool Institute of Performing Arts and the campaign to save the Rye Memorial Hospital in Sussex.

1993: In November the US Broadcast Music Inc and the British Performing Rights Society made an award to Paul at the Dorchester Hotel in London. One was for 'Yesterday' with six million broadcasts making it the most performed song ever on American radio and television. 'I Saw Her Standing There' was also acknowledged with two million plays and 'A Hard Day's Night' with one million broadcasts.

1994: On 12 March Paul received the Doris Day award at Century City, California due to his number about animal rights called 'Looking For Changes'. Writing the song was said to have 'showed courage, creativity and integrity'.

1995: On 8 November Prince Charles, president of the Royal College of Music, presented Paul with a Fellowship of the College, their highest award. Paul was to say, 'For a street arab from Liverpool it isn't that bad at all.'

1996: Queen Elizabeth II knighted him. At the Palace he said, 'This brings back memories of 1965. It seems strange being here without the other three.'

1997: Paul received a Lifetime Award from 'Scouseology', an organisation recognising achievements of Merseyside people. The event took place at Liverpool Town Hall. Paul wasn't able to attend the event but sent a fax thanking his 'fellow wackers'.

1997: HMV presented Paul with a Composer of the Century award on Thursday 16 October.

1997: At the Q magazine awards at Park Lane Hotel, London on 4 November, Paul was presented with the 'Best Songwriter Award' for Flaming Pie.

1998: Paul was awarded the John Moore's University fellowship for his outstanding achievements and significant contribution to public life.

1999: He was inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame as a Solo Artist.

2000: In May, at the Ivor Novello Awards, Paul was given a fellowship by the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors. The Academy's chairman Guy Fletcher presented the award to Paul. Before an audience that included the Pet Shop Boys, Elton John and Travis, Paul told of his feelings when watching Mozart create music in the film Amadeus. 'I remember tears welling up and thinking, "I'm one of them, I'm in that tradition." Maybe not like Mozart, but I'm in that tradition. Everyone who's had a hit is so proud to be a part of it.'

2000: In September Paul received a lifetime achievement award as 'Man Of The Year' from GQ magazine at the Royal Opera House, London. Paul said, 'It's a bit like getting an old git's prize. I was going to say that in my speech, but I didn't think it would have gone down too well.'

2001: On 8 September at the PETA Gala at the Waldorf-Astoria, New York, Paul was presented with a humanitarian award. He said, 'I share this with Linda.'

2001: On 3 November at the Men's World Day Gala 2001 at the Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Paul was presented with an award by former Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev.

2002: On 11 January Paul was joint winner of the 'Best Song' award at the 7th annual Critics Choice Awards, hosted by Bill Maher in Beverly Hills. He won the award with his theme for 'Vanilla Sky' and the award was shared with Enya.

2002: On Friday 28 January at the 5th annual Media Spotlight Awards in New York on the 40th anniversary of Amnesty International, Amnesty International USA awarded Paul a lifetime achievement award.

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